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Cash In Criminal Activity

Paper currency is a facilitator and motive for most of the major categories of crime, such as drug trafficking, human trafficking, illegal gambling, counterfeiting, money laundering, robbery, illegal arms trading and terrorism.  Currency used in these undertakings is often recycled and maintained within criminal enterprises and is a main source of financing.  Because of the link between cash and illicit activity, law enforcement needs to leverage available information and technology related to the tracking of currency.

To identify crime patterns and interdict crime, cash can be a valuable tool for law enforcement.  One method of using cash to apprehend criminals is to conduct undercover sting operations using these bills as “buy” money.  Bills that have previously been confiscated, processed and recorded can lead to criminals much in the same manner as a GPS tracking device.  To exponentially increase the effectiveness of law enforcement’s ability to detect crime through currency tracking, CTT has developed powerful applications and a secure network which allow inter-agency sharing and cross-matching of data.  In the past, the linking of criminal activity and crime networks to seized cash has been a challenge for law enforcement, as criminals took advantage of the disconnect between agencies and their exchange of information.

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Terrorism

Terrorist groups have become increasingly adept at eluding detection through use of cash, sophisticated laundering operations, or legitimate front companies. Organizations such as ISIS, Colombian FARC, ETA, Hamas, Boko Haram, and Al-Qaeda and its affiliates are largely dependent on the use, transfer and storage of cash.

Terrorism

• About 60 percent of terrorism is funded through illicit activities such as drug trafficking.
• Law enforcement is disrupting and dismantling terrorist financing and criminal laundering operations through more advanced investigative tools and tighter money laundering regulations.
• The FBI’s number one priority is protecting the U.S. from terrorist attacks.
• Terrorist groups have become adept in eluding law enforcement through the use of cash and sophisticated money laundering operations.

CTT enhances law enforcement’s intelligence capabilities to stop terrorism.
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Drug Trafficking​

The drug trade is essentially a cash-only business. With tightened reporting requirements and anti-laundering measures, the legal financial system has been closed to the hundreds of billions of dollars generated by illegal drug proceeds.


Drug Trafficking​

• Almost 70,000 Americans died last year from drug overdoses, more than died in the Vietnam War.
• Opioid addiction and deaths are a major national crisis, primarily due to the proliferation of illegally trafficked synthetic opioids like fentanyl coming from China and Mexico.
• Mexican drug cartels make an estimated $20-30 billion a year on drug sales in the U.S.
• Over 20 million people in the U.S. suffer from substance abuse issues, which cost our nation over $700 billion annually.

CTT enhances law enforcement’s intelligence capabilities to stop drug trafficking.
Where are The Children?

Human Trafficking

Much of the illicit cash proceeds from this criminal activity is derived from child sex exploitation, which is in the tens of billions of dollars.





Human Trafficking

• Over 100,000 children and young women are trafficked in America today, according to the FBI.
• Human trafficking is one of the fastest growing criminal enterprises and is expected to surpass the drug trade within 5 years.

CTT enhances law enforcement’s intelligence capabilities to stop human trafficking.
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Gang Violence​

The most violent criminal organizations in the U.S., including the notorious MS-13 gang, are funded through profits from illegal activities such as drug trafficking, human trafficking, illegal arms trading, robbery and extortion, which involve large amounts of cash. These gangs commit brutal assaults, rapes and murders as retribution and to control territory, wreaking havoc on communities.

Gang Violence

• The MS-13 gang, named the most dangerous gang in the world, has over 10,000 members operating in more than 40 states in the U.S.
• There are about 1.4 million gang members in the U.S., many of which commit violent crime.
• The increase in violent crime in our largest cities is primarily attributable to gangs, according to law enforcement.

CTT enhances law enforcement’s intelligence capabilities to stop these violent gangs.
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Money Laundering​

Cash obtained through illegal activities usually involves some type of money laundering in order to use the proceeds for legitimate purchases. The Treasury Department estimates that approximately $300 billion is laundered in the U.S. annually.

Money Laundering

• Criminals launder about $300 billion in illegally obtained money in the U.S. each year, according to the Department of the Treasury.
• Money laundering is used to fund other criminal activities, such as terrorism and drug trafficking.

CTT enhances law enforcement’s intelligence capabilities to stop money laundering.
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Illegal Gambling

Illegal gambling and betting schemes are highly profitable cash intensive activities and represent an estimated $500 billion in the U.S. Gambling rings are often controlled by organized crime and involve money laundering.

Illegal Gambling

• One of organized crime’s biggest sources of income in the U.S. is illegal gambling, which generates an estimated $400 billion per year.

CTT enhances law enforcement’s intelligence capabilities to stop illegal gambling.
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Illegal Arms Trading

A large percentage of illegal firearms sales is transacted in cash, and often involves drug trafficking. Most of the weapons used by criminal groups in Mexico originate in the United States. Each year, an average of 253,000 firearms cross the U.S.-Mexico border, the overwhelming majority of which come from the Southwest states of California, Texas and Arizona.

Illegal Arms Trading

• In a May 2017 report, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime expressed the need for more sophisticated investigative techniques as well as greater inter-agency information exchange to counter illicit arms trafficking.

CTT enhances law enforcement’s intelligence capabilities to stop illegal arms trading.
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Robbery

Cash is an attractive target for robberies. According to Bank Crime Statistics, over $38 million in cash was robbed from banks in 2011. It is estimated that only 20 percent of the cash is ever recovered.

Robbery

• In 2016 there were over 330,000 robberies and 1.5 million burglaries in the U.S., most of which were drug-related.

CTT enhances law enforcement’s intelligence capabilities to stop robbery.
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Counterfeiting

The Department of the Treasury estimates that as much as $200 million in counterfeit currency is in circulation within the United States at any given time. Organized crime networks use counterfeit money to finance illegal activities such as human trafficking, drug trafficking and terrorism.

Counterfeiting

∙ According to the Secret Service, nearly 70% of the counterfeit currency passed in the U.S. in fiscal year 2015 was made through digital printing.
∙ Due to advancements in computer printing technology, today’s counterfeit bills are more difficult to identify and easier to make, with higher resolution, better color duplication and lower costs.
∙ To avoid detection, more sophisticated counterfeiters are using real currency paper, bleaching or “washing” low denomination bills with chemicals.

CTT’s network and centralized database of counterfeit currency information enhance law enforcement’s intelligence capabilities in identifying and shutting down counterfeiting rings.